Video art it is a concept that is not part of the dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy (RAE ). It is a movement that began to develop in the decade of 1960 and that consists of create artistic manifestations through sounds and moving images .
The video art can be registered or captured in different ways. There are works that are recorded and distributed on media such as DVD , for example. There are also video art performances that are developed Live , combining videos, music and sounds in different ways.
It is complex to define the video art or narrow its scope, as it can manifest itself in multiple ways. This modality may or may not have dialogues, employ actors, use recordings, bet on live music or rely on screens. his characteristic The main one is the use of moving images and audio.
The origin of the video art is linked to the intention of finding an artistic or aesthetic application of the media . In this way, a television stops being a device to transmit news , sports events or movies and becomes a device that displays certain images arranged by the artist.
Numerous artists have managed to become a true reference within the video art. Specifically, among the most significant we can highlight some such as the following:
-Nan Hoover (1931 - 2008). She was an American-Dutch creator who is considered a true pioneer of video art. Among his most significant works are "Fields of blue" (1980), "Color pieces" (1980) or "Light and Object" (1982).
-Eija-Liisa Ahtila (1959). She is a Finnish video artist who has been recognized internationally thanks to works such as "Consolation Service" (1999), which was awarded at the Venice Biennale, or "The Wind" (2006), which won the Mundi Prize Arts.
-Jordi Colomer (1962). This is a Spanish artist who has managed to become a reference in his country, but also outside it. Among his most significant works are "En la pampa" (2008), "Arabian Stars" (2005) or "No future" (2006).
However, along with these there are many others such as Vito Acconci, Bruce Nauman, William Wegman, Colin Campbell and Chantal Akerman.
In the same way, we cannot ignore that there are numerous groups and organizations that have specialized in this type of art and that are dedicated to promoting it, promoting it and giving it the prominence it deserves. Specifically, we can highlight the Demolden Video Project (Santander - Spain), The Experimental Television Center (New York - United States), Julia Stoschek Collection (Düsseldorf - Germany), AEC Ars Electronica Center (Linz - Austria), Duncan of Jordanstone College of Art and Design (Scotland) or ZKM Center for Art and Media Karlsruhe (Germany), among others.
Unlike cinema, video art can have no narration . This means that the video art does not intend to tell a history , but transmit a concept or generate sensations. Therefore, beyond its formal characteristics bring it closer to experimental cinema or television, experts often link video art to painting and photography by their intention.