It is called punishment to one sanction , a pain or one reprimand which is imposed on a person who has incurred some kind of fault. Punishments generally seek to function as corrective .
For example: "As a punishment for escaping from class, my parents won't let me go out with friends for a month.", “When officials commit crimes and receive no punishment, the message that is transmitted to the public is very bad”, “The European Union prohibited its members from making trade with the Asian country as a punishment for violations of rights humans who commit themselves in their territory ”.
There are multiple types of punishments. On a family level, punishment can be a oral scolding or some prohibition imposed by a figure of authority (like father or mother). Formerly the punishment of children used to include hits , although physical violence is no longer supported by social consensus.
Punishment is an element of great relevance in the stage of raising an individual, which can lead to a series of limitations or open doors, depending on the degree of severity and of justice with which the reprimands are applied. As expressed in the previous paragraph, beatings are currently not accepted as a resource to teach children, although this does not prevent millions of people from using it.
When a healthy living being receives a physical attack there is no possibility of feeling something positive; if you are in your childhood, one of the feelings that usually wake up in the face of physical punishment is the frustration , since he fails to understand the reasons why someone who says he loves him assaults him in that way and does not have the physical strength necessary to defend himself.
We must not forget that this type of punishment is complemented by the prohibition of revealing: the child does not have the possibility, the permission of defending or counterattacking, but must endure the pain and humiliation of a blow by someone stronger. As expected, if this is repeated very frequently throughout the upbringing, the consequences can be very negative.
Punishments also apply in educational establishments and in the job context when someone breaches some rule. Usually both the rules and the penalties are stipulated in a regulation or a code : This prevents an authority from acting arbitrarily when administering punishment.
In the educational field, the punishments are varied and are applied with the intention of shaping the responsibility of the students and preparing them to face adult life. Among the most common are the low marks to sanction the failure of a task or the poverty with which an exam is performed, the reprimands for bad conduct , the suspension of classes for a while and, in the worst cases, the expulsion.
Already in adulthood, punishments are usually more relevant since there is much more at risk than the approval of a subject. A serious lack of work may lead to dismissal or a complaint that stains our reputation forever and prevents us from easily returning to the workplace; that is why the limits that the system Educational imposes on its students.
At the judicial level, punishments are the penalties that apply to those who commit a crime . The Economic sanctions , the deprivation of liberty (imprisonment) and even the death penalty These are some of these punishments, which vary according to the penal code of each nation.