From Latin tribes, a tribe is a social group whose members share the same origin, as well as certain customs and traditions . The concept allows naming the groupings formed by some ancient or primitive peoples .
The tribe, in the traditional sense, arises from the association of several families that inhabit a certain territory. The social group is under the leadership of a chief or patriarch, who is usually an older person and respected by the rest of the members.
The first tribes appeared in the period neolithic. When different tribes began to establish alliances and merge, the first civilizations developed.
Among the members of the tribe a symbolic interaction is established that allows socialization and the enduring of values in time through intergenerational transmission.
The tribe, in short, is a form of social organization . exist hierarchies (with a boss who dictates the rules of coexistence) and punishments are established for those who violate the values of the group.
Far from the accelerated pace of life that most human beings must endure today, it exists in one of the Andaman Islands an ancient tribe that has known how to take care of itself and overcome catastrophes the size of the tsunami that hit Indonesia in 2004: the Sentinelese. It's about people who have lived for 60 thousand years totally detached from the world around them, except for their reuse of the remains of ships that run aground on the reefs of their island.
Sentinelese are often considered to belong to the Stone Age, which increases the mystery and mysticism that surrounds them. To such an extent does your isolation reach that your language It differs substantially from those spoken in the rest of the archipelago. Studies conducted around this fascinating tribe indicate that they are direct descendants of the first human populations from the African continent and that the contact they have had with other peoples is almost nil.
The modern world has not lost the opportunity to label them as overdue and wild, in part due to the hostility they show towards outsiders; however, since its environment It has not given them much more than contempt and violent attacks, it is not strange that the Sentinelese prefer to step aside.
At the end of the 19th century, for example, the kidnapping of two elders and several children was carried out, who were transferred to Port Blair, the most important city on the island. As expected, the Contact with diseases that they had not known until now, he defeated his defenses and the two oldest died shortly after. The little ones were returned to their home with a large number of gifts. The person responsible for this act, so lacking in sensitivity, was a colonial official; in his statements he showed no remorse, and did not lose the opportunity to question the intellectual faculties of his victims.
In the 1990s, an expedition was made to the island to study the Sentinelese, and it was seen that they carry a lifetime very healthy and well organized, which has allowed them to survive without help from abroad. It is worth mentioning that the peoples of the islands that have accepted the benefits offered by modern civilizations have declined and become unable to support themselves.
In a more modern sense of the term, a tribe is any grouping of people that shares a series of interests and whose members are related from different affinities. The notion of Urban Tribe usually refers to groups of young people who can be seen in the streets of cities and who distinguish each other by clothing, musical tastes and other issues. For example: “In Argentina, Fotolog users have become an urban tribe known as flogger”.