From Latin campus ("plain" , “Battle space” ), the word countryside refers to a large land that is far from a city or town or to the land that can be carved . The concept is also used in reference to a crop or sow .
For example: "On the weekend we will go to the countryside to relax a little and get away from the noise of the city", "My grandfather lives in the country: he has cows, pigs and poultry", "It is a very small province: in five minutes you cross the city and reach the countryside".
On the other hand, a field is a space that is destined to the realization of a physical activity or of various sports : "The players were placed on the playing field to start the match", "These players must learn to locate themselves in the field", "The concert last night left the field in bad conditions".
The field is also the context, environment or scope which is typical of a professional sector or activity: “Truman Capote stood out in the field of journalism”, "It is a very successful company in the field of electronics".
Finally, it should be noted that for the science of sociology , field is a concept developed by the French Pierre Bourdieu . The fields appear as systems that nucleate social relations and are defined by the fact of having a certain form of capital. The social structure, in this way, depends on the set of fields, with their links and their influences among themselves.
A electric field It is the place where electrical charges occur, that is, where certain material particles converge and eliminate energy: positive and negative charges . The presence of an electric field can be detected by the presence of material forces that manifest themselves in a defined way giving rise to the flow of electric power . Although there is no way to really know its nature, the way in which electric fields are studied, is in comparison to others of equal or opposite magnitude.
In computing The concept of fields is used when creating databases and is the fundamental unit of entry for data recording. There may be as many field names as necessary, among the most used are the text field , numerical , Of date , summary , in time and of calculation .
In linguistics There are semantic fields, and they are called the groups of words that are related to each other according to their meaning. For example, in the semantic field of the vertebrates all those animals that have a skeleton with spine and skull, and a central nervous system formed by a medulla and brain are grouped: rabbits, chickens, lambs, turkeys, cows, horses, etc.
Jost Trier He is one of the first authors to define this concept, he did it in 1930 and expressed that he referred to a set with a systematic structure , where certain lexemes were related from their meaning by an extremely significant degree of semantic kinship. Weisgerber subsequently re-wrote this theory , presenting the definition that is currently known as valid.
According to Trier's reasoning, all substances have a meaning underlying the vocabulary , that is to say that beyond the languages and the way in which each one understands the reality giving name to the substances and materials , these have a meaning which links them to others, with similar characteristics. For this, a structuring in semantic fields is necessary, to create similarities and associations between the different organisms and matters that form existence, which share a same basis of meaning .
Authors after Trier developed two clear theories divergent from this: the theory of component analysis , which can be grouped with postsaussurean structuralist ideas, whose main references are Greimas, Coseriu and Pottier and Coseriu; and the one that is typecast in the generative grammar , whose major exponents have been Fodor, Weinreich and Katz.