Accuracy is the punctuality and fidelity in the execution of something . When someone runs a action Exactly, the result obtained is that which was intended. Accuracy implies the absence of error or failure.
For example: “The German contestant shot and hit the center of the White with precision", "The Paraguayan striker finished off with great precision and the ball entered exactly in the upper right corner of the rival goal.", "The programmers found the root of the bug exactly".
The concept can also be understood as precision . If you ask one person If you address a topic exactly, you should do so with solid details and arguments, that is, without ambiguous information: "Please tell me exactly what the grandfather told you.", "The doctor explained to me exactly how the operation is going to be, so now I am calmer", "The speaker accurately narrated his experience in the field and left everyone satisfied".
Accuracy is indispensable in certain disciplines and professions, such as academic music, programming and surgery. Although in all cases spontaneity can lead to results superior to those expected and revolutionary discoveries, it is usual to follow a line clear and previously designed action based on a thorough and detailed study of problems and possible solutions.
In the case of music, for example, traditional writing uses a well-defined series of figures that allow to record a composition accurately, indicating both its melodies and rhythms, ornaments and various recommendations regarding the expressiveness necessary for its execution, between other aspects In this case, you cannot exchange a quaver by a black or one white: each figure belongs to a rigid hierarchy that accommodates them according to their relative duration, so the lack of accuracy leads to an error and incoherence impossible to ignore.
The same can happen in the field of programming computing, where there is a finite number of types of data (such as integer, character and logic) that must be respected for proper execution. Depending on the environment used when producing the code, certain errors may go unnoticed, bringing consequences of varying magnitude to users.
While everyday speech allows to attenuate or omit certain sounds without seriously affecting the understanding oral (say "three" or "tre" is equivalent in many regions), assigning a numerical value to a textual variable does not result happy ending for a developer; If, for some reason, the text string "234" must be saved, using numbers without quotes will not only not generate the same result, but in many cases (the lucky ones) will prevent the compilation of the program from being completed.
Our species does not usually look for accuracy when it comes to expressing itself, but this is reserved for those who are passionate about newly exposed subjects, among others. Not many are able to calculate at a glance the height of a piece of furniture, or the duration of a short and simple process, and it is usually impossible to know what number the phrase "a pair" refers to if the number is not known. context To which it belongs.
For the statistics , the engineering waves sciences In general, accuracy is the ability of an instrument to measure a value close to the actual magnitude. The calibration of this measuring device will depend on the distance between the average of the various measurements and the actual measurement of the magnitude.
It should be noted that, in this case, accuracy and precision are not synonyms. Accuracy is linked to the proximity of the measured value and the actual value. Precision, on the other hand, is the dispersion of the set of values that are obtained from repeated measurements of a magnitude.